A type of cancer that begins in bone or in the soft tissues of the body, including cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, fibrous tissue, or other connective or supportive tissue. Different types of sarcoma are based on where the cancer forms. For example, osteosarcoma forms in bone, liposarcoma forms in fat, and rhabdomyosarcoma forms in muscle. Treatment and prognosis depend on the type and grade of the cancer (how abnormal the cancer cells look under a microscope and how quickly the cancer is likely to grow and spread). Sarcoma occurs in both adults and children.
Osteosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the bone treatment usually involves surgery to remove the tumor. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and/or targeted therapy may also be used.
Chronic side effects include subcutaneous fibrosis, joint stiffness, lymphedema, bony fractures and second primary tumor formation in the radiation field.
The information contained in the Treatments and Side Effects sections are for informational purposes only. As with any cancer type, treatments and side effects can differ by patient. Please consult your oncologist for the specific treatments and side effects for your specific cancer.